Here's what I have to say in the Lord about the document you sent me - commenting item by item: 1. The "New" Covenant is between God, Israel and Judah.
Yes, if your understanding includes this:
Galatians 6:15-16 MKJV
(15) For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision has any strength, nor uncircumcision, but a new creation.
(16) And as many as walk according to this rule, peace and mercy be upon them and upon the Israel of God.
Romans 9:6-8 KJV
(6) Not as though the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel, which are of Israel:
(7) Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham, are they all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called.
(8) That is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed. 2. The Covenant will be implemented at a specific time "after those days." We can find out after which days by looking at what God had just said in (Jeremiah 30:7). Thus, we find that this New Covenant will be implemented after the Tribulation ("the time of Jacob's trouble") not before.
The Bible is a spiritual Book. The application and fulfillment of this wonderful promise of God given through Jeremiah has been taking place for a long time already in those who receive Messiah Yeshua. Yes, there is the fulfillment to come of the dry bones of Israel that have been assembled in order to be brought to life by the Spirit of God, but limiting the meaning of these Scriptures to a specific historical event misses the mark of what the Lord is doing in the lives of those who believe here and now, the Israel of God.
“And as for all who walk by this rule, peace and mercy be upon them, and upon the Israel of God” (Galatians 6:16 ESV).
Read Rapture before the Great Tribulation
. 3. The Covenant, when instituted, within the hearts of the people (Believers) there will no longer be any need for a Bayit Midrash (house of study) nor even a Church .... as this is where the knowledge of God is taught --- but since everyone will now have that knowledge written on their heart and will no longer need to be taught, there is no need for religious structures nor pastors or teachers (Jeremiah 31:34).
There is confusion in this statement, Clint. Those who believe ARE the Church, the Assembly of God and Body of Christ, which is formed according to the new covenant described by Jeremiah. The churches of this world and the “religious structures” to which you refer have nothing to do with the Body of Christ, except to persecute it and Him. They're the works of men, the gates of hell and paths of the destroyer:
“Concerning the works of men, by the Words of Your lips, I am kept from the paths of the destroyer” (Psalms 17:4 MKJV).
When the miraculous faith of Christ begins the process of transformation in a soul as referred to in Jeremiah 31:34, it's true this person will have a personal connection with Christ as their Teacher, but that doesn't mean there won't be teachers or teaching given by Him through His appointed ministers:
Ephesians 4:11-16 MKJV
(11) And truly He gave some to be apostles, and some to be prophets, and some to be evangelists, and some to be pastors and teachers,
(12) for the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ.
(13) And this until we all come into the unity of the faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a full-grown man, to the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ;
(14) so that we no longer may be infants, tossed to and fro and carried about by every wind of doctrine, in the dishonesty of men, in cunning craftiness, to the wiles of deceit.
(15) But that you, speaking the truth in love, may in all things grow up to Him Who is the Head, even Christ;
(16) from Whom the whole body, fitted together and compacted by that which every joint supplies, according to the effectual working in the measure of each part, producing the growth of the body to the edifying of itself in love.
Remember what Jesus said to Peter: “Feed My sheep.” 4. This Covenant is spoken, but not ratified or confirmed (with blood) at this time. Several hundred years later the confirmation is explained............. I Cor. 11:25 NLT In the same way, he took the cup of wine after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant between God and his people--an agreement confirmed with my blood.
Still this is not the implementation of the "New Covenant" (Testament) but rather the ratification or guarantee (by Messiah's blood) of its implementation at some future date ("after those days").
The implementation has been ongoing as described in previous answers. 5. Also note, God says "if the sun stops shining, the moon and stars stop glowing and the sea becomes totally calm ... only then will this covenant and the nation of Israel cease to exist. What is it that God will write ON the hearts of his people? It is the very thing Christians have spent their lives evading, ignoring, distorting and ridiculing ......... His Law (Torah) ..... read Hebrews 8:10. Further, if one carefully reads this document you will notice [Jer. 31:31] speaks to Israel and Judah but, [Jer. 31:33] only mentions Israel --- this indicates that at some point during the completion of this new Covenant/Promise, God will bring about the fulfillment of the prophecy of Yehezqel (Ezekiel) chapter 37. In fact, Ezekiel 37 verse 28 defines one of the signs of this fulfillment "And the heathen shall know that I the Lord do sanctify Israel, when my sanctuary shall be in the midst of them for evermore." This is another reason we know the "New Testament" has not yet come to fruition as God's Temple/sanctuary is not standing "in the midst" of Israel ............ "for evermore."
And as indicated above the Tribulation ("after those days") is not an historical event, but a still future prophetic event.
God's promises to the physical Jews and nation of Israel stand - who can effectively refute this with what has happened since 1948? Israel has gone through tribulation, is going through tribulation, and will go through tribulation. As for us, judgment begins at the House of God and He has purged us, as with all His sons and daughters. By His Spirit and grace we fulfill the Law of God
The Lord has given us much to say about the nation of Israel and physical Jews. See Israel and the Jew
By the way, “Shaul” is Saul, not Paul. I would think you know that “Paul” isn't the anglicized version of “Shaul.” It would be interesting to know how or why Saul became Paul, but it wasn't because his name was directly transferred from one language to the other. When I was in Hebrew school I was called “Pesach,” but this name too doesn't have the same meaning as the language of origin. It did turn out to be prophetic, though.